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Protecting the Coast, Reviving the Ecosystem: Success Story of Mangrove Planting Initiative in Baros

Ecosystem Restoration

In 2003, an initiative to plant mangroves began in the Opak River Estuary, Baros Hamlet, Tirtohargo, Kretek, Bantul. This project was initiated by the NGO Relung, which has now transformed into the Relung Indonesia Foundation, in collaboration with the local community and local youth organizations. Initially, planting was carried out in locations vulnerable to seasonal floods around the Opak Estuary, with an initial area of 2.1 hectares. Today, this initiative has developed with the support of many parties into a sprawling mangrove area of ​​26 hectares.

The main goal of this initiative is to mitigate disasters and adapt to climate change. Mangroves act as wave and wind breakers, capable of reducing the impact of disasters such as floods and coastal erosion. Additionally, mangroves also play a role in absorbing carbon dioxide, one of the greenhouse gases that cause climate change.

In 2014, the local government recognized the importance of this initiative by issuing Regent’s Decree Number 284 of 2014, which designated the mangrove area in Baros Hamlet as a Coastal Conservation Park Reserve. The Baros mangrove forest area was designated as a conservation area with a total area of ​​132 hectares, divided into three zones: core zone (10 ha), other zones (94 ha), and limited utilization zone (28 ha). The mangroves found in the Baros Coastal Conservation Park Reserve include 5 species, namely Avicennia sp., Rhizophora sp., Bruguiera sp., and Nypa fruticans. There is also Sonneratia caseolaris, which is a native species that grows in the area. Generally, the composition is Avicennia sp. 60%, Rhizophora sp. 20%, Bruguiera sp. 10%, and Nypa 10%. In addition to the benefits in disaster mitigation and climate change adaptation, the mangrove planting initiative by the Relung Indonesia Foundation also benefits the local community. Mangroves provide habitat for various species of flora and fauna, supporting biodiversity. Additionally, mangroves also provide a source of income for the local community, both from fishing and the potential for ecotourism. This area is now a tourist destination with its enchanting natural beauty.

Related Article Links:

Here are some news links related to mangroves in Baros:

  1. Baros Mangrove Forest Replanted, Halim: This is an Important Asset: This news discusses the replanting of mangrove seedlings in the Baros Mangrove Conservation Area by the Bantul Regency Government. This planting is considered important to prevent erosion, especially amid rampant illegal sand mining.
  2. Bantul Becomes Richer in Tourism Destinations, Baros Mangrove Area Becomes an Icon: This article discusses the Baros Mangrove Area as an iconic tourist destination in Bantul. This area is managed by the Bantul Regency Government and has been ratified through the Regent’s Decree Number: 284 Year 2014 Regarding the Reservation of Coastal Conservation Park Reserve Areas.
  3. Reduce Disasters, FPRB Bantul Plants Mangroves in Baros: This news discusses the efforts of the Forum for Disaster Risk Reduction (FPRB) Bantul in planting mangroves on the Baros Beach to reduce the impact of disasters.
  4. Latest News – This news discusses the replanting of the Baros Mangrove Forest by the Bantul Regent, H. Abdul Halim Muslih, in commemoration of the International Day for Biological Diversity in 2021.



Meiardhy Mujianto

“Connect with nature, try to understand its movements and reactions, cherish it. Only then can you truly call yourself human.”


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