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Agroforestry as an Environmentally Friendly Farming System in Tropical Regions

Ecosystem Restoration,Integrated Agroforestry Initiatives

Agroforestry, also known as wanatani, is a form of resource management that combines forest or timber management activities with the cultivation of commodities or short-term crops, such as agricultural or plantation crops. The key characteristics of agroforestry are as follows:

  • Involves more than two types of commodities (one of which is timber) —> multiproducts (timber, food, livestock, medicine, fruits, etc.);
  • There is interaction (economic and ecological) between woody and non-woody plants;
  • Provides services (service function), such as wind protection, shade, soil fertility enhancement, shading to serve as a gathering place for families/communities.
  • The agroforestry system cycle is always more than one year.
  • A more complex system than monoculture.
Monoculture forests, only produce wood

Why Should Agroforestry Be Developed?

Agroforestry system, produces wood and also various non-timber forest products. Source: Imam

Agroforestry, or mixed gardens often referred to as agroforestry, is crucial to be developed and maintained in rural areas. Several reasons why agroforestry needs to be developed include maintaining economic resilience and farmer independence related to food, energy, and industrial raw materials within one area. Secondly, it is related to environmental protection, where agroforestry areas can play a role in protecting biodiversity and protecting the physical conditions of the region/area, especially to prevent erosion and improve soil hydrology systems.


Meiardhy Mujianto

“No earth, no life. Know the earth, know life.”


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Ecosystem Restoration,Integrated Agroforestry Initiatives
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